TheResearch Paper will give you a solid foundation for building your policy briefing. It will…

TheResearch Paper will give you a solid foundation for building your policy briefing. It will…

TheResearch Paper will give you a solid foundation for building your policy briefing. It will help you frame your policy issue; it will also allow you to develop your research into your policy in greater depth than will be possible in the final policy briefing. 1) Define your policy issue clearly. 2) Provide relevant background information so that an outside reader can understand the issue as you see it. Place the problem in context; identify the key stakeholders driving the policy or needed to make change; and, 3) discuss appropriate policy theories or data to allow an outside reader to understand the scope and severity of the issue. 1600-2000 words

AnExecutive Summary is a short summary of the larger policy briefing. It is intended to communicate the essence of the policy problem and your recommendations as efficiently as possible. Additionally, an executive summary should convince the reader that your larger paper is worth their time and attention. As a result, it’s important to communicate clearly the relevance and importance of your briefing in the executive summary. Think of your target audience as someone who may read several of these on their way to work as a means of getting up to speed on policy issues. Your executive summary must include:

  • A description of the policy issue
  • A statement on why action is needed to change the approach to this policy or to change the policy’s outcomes
  • Your recommendations for action, along with some justification for those recommendations.
  • Your name, due date, and a brief title.
  • Additionally, because this is a school assignment, please include a sentence explaining your role as well as your intended audience.

No more than 1 single side of paper. You are free to use that page as you see fit to communicate the key points of the briefing as effectively as possible.

Policy briefs may vary in length, depth and major areas of focus. However, there are common elements throughout the genre. These include:

  • Title – this should include your name, affiliation (in this case, course designation) and title for your briefing. The title should catch the attention and clearly indicate the topic.
  • Executive summary – A short summary of the purpose of the brief along with a statement of why the issue requires action, and your central recommendations. No more than 2 paragraphs.
  • Context. Demonstrate that the problem is current and serious. Give enough information for a decision-maker to understand what’s going on and why action is needed. Clearly state the problem. Give the essential facts needed to get up to speed. Show the relevance and importance of the issue.
  • Description and criticism of current or previous policies. Briefly summarize what is currently being done, or what’s been tried in the past. In order to take new action, we need to know what’s been tried before – what worked and what didn’t work. By showing what has been done (particularly what didn’t work), we can better see the need for action. This will also help focus on areas where change may be more successful.
  • Recommendations – the central purpose of a policy briefing is to propose a range of alternatives that will improve the situation. You should identify potential alternatives. Your research should uncover a range of options for going forward. Describe these. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the alternatives that you identified. Follow with your assessment of alternatives. This may include a recommendation for a specific course of action. At a minimum, you need to provide a clear, evidence-based foundation for a decision-maker to justify their decision.
  • References.

ThePolicy Briefing should provide decision-makers with enough information to understand a policy issue so that action can be taken to improve that issue. It should provide sufficient background and context to help the reader to understand an issue; locate key stakeholders; highlight the central problem; describe alternatives; and make recommendations for action. Briefings may take many approaches. One common approach is a detached neutral approach, in which the briefing provides a discussion of alternatives without arguing for a particular course of action. On the other hand, briefings may also advocate for a particular alternative, building evidence for, and attempting to convince decision-makers of, that course of action. Regardless, a successful policy briefing will highlight the significance of the current situation along with the need to take action.

To that end, policy briefs are:

  • Professional – the emphasis should be on the problem and the opportunities for action and change, rather than on summarization, description, or historical background. Those elements may be a necessary part of building evidence, but should not be the main body of the paper.
  • Focused – all parts of the briefing should work towards convincing the audience of the seriousness of the problem and the need to take action. Again, this should be accomplished through providing solid evidence as the basis of your argumentation.
  • Evidence-based – your perspective on the problem and on your recommended course of action is important. This does not mean that policy briefs are opinion pieces. Keep in mind that decision-makers will need to justify their actions and will rely on your research to defend their work. They will not be swayed by passion but will be convinced by evidence.
  • Specific – the focus of your work needs to be on a specific, clearly articulated problem. Don’t try to address a general social problem. Express your policy issue and your recommendations as specifically as possible.
  • Efficient – Short and direct. Focus on the problem at hand and provide information directly relevant to understanding that problem and taking action. Your brief may not exceed 3,000 words. This does not include references.
  • Direct – Use clear language and organization. Make the development of the issue and the discussion of alternatives as clear and understandable as possible.

TheResearch Paper will give you a solid foundation for building your policy briefing. It will…

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