Model Answer attached The Organisational Context of Projects A project is greatly influenced by…

Model Answer attached The Organisational Context of Projects A project is greatly influenced by…

  • Model Answerattached

    The Organisational Context of Projects

    A project is greatly influenced by the organisation that undertakes it. Different organisations have different philosophies and views on the importance of projects and how closely they want projects to be managed. For example, some organisations place great importance on their projects and view them as essential for the business to function. These organisations may create a smaller, temporary organisation within the larger organisation just to oversee projects. Other organisations place less importance on their projects and view them as a small piece of their organisational strategy. These organisations might use a smaller project team or even a single project manager to oversee the project. Neither philosophy is ‘right’ or ‘wrong’, but a good project manager can identify the philosophy of the organisation in which he or she is operating and adjust strategy accordingly.

    The philosophy of an organisation towards projects is just one piece of the larger project environment. Organisational culture, politics, mission and values also contribute to the project environment. The project environment that an organisation creates can greatly impact a project’s budget, timeline, personnel, monitoring, assessment and evaluation. Clearly, a toxic project environment is a large obstacle that can ruin a project’s chances of success. One way a project manager can combat a toxic project environment is to assign team roles. In your resources, you will explore Belbin’s nine team roles. Assigning a group or individual to one of these roles can help streamline the operations and logistics of a project. In other words, everyone will know what his or her job is, minimising confusion and maximising productivity.

    While reviewing Belbin’s team roles in this unit’s Resources, think about whether team roles should vary from project to project. Should custom roles be made for individual projects? What if the project is highly technical? For example, would an expansion of a family-owned chip shop require the same team roles as a billion pound corporate takeover?

  • QUESTION: Explain whether different organisational structures, contexts and projects demand different team roles or whether all organisational structures, contexts and projects need essentially the same roles for their teams.
  • Using the scenario you were assigned for your Final Project, explain the impact of including different team roles on that project’s chances of success.

Scenario Selected: Opening a New Hotel

You are part of an exclusive hotel group that has a strong reputation for boutique luxury hotels in the capital city. Having recently disposed of a successful hotel in the capital, the directors wish to reinvest the funds by branching out to another large city within reasonable travelling distance of the capital city. Your team is responsible for the acquisition, refurbishment and opening of the new hotel. You have to acquire a suitable building, plan the capacity, services, décor and branding to launch the new hotel. It need not be an existing hotel, but has to have the potential for between 25 and 40 up-market rooms and suites in an area that assures a high level of occupancy.

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Model Answer attached The Organisational Context of Projects A project is greatly influenced by…

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