background of Islam and its evolution as a religious, social, and political system. At this…

background of Islam and its evolution as a religious, social, and political system. At this…

background of Islam and its evolution as a religious, social, and political system. At this stage, you should reflect on the material, pulling together the different facets of the readings into some kind of a coherent picture. This will also enable you to make some important generalizations and comparisons.

One of fundamental features of the Islamic religious system is that there is no equivalent of “church”—no religious institution with doctrinal or legal authority, no ordained priesthood, no sacred/profane dichotomy, no doctrinally sanctioned “official truth.”

In Discussion Forum 1, post your response to the following discussion questions. Reply toat least two classmates’ responses by the date indicated in the course Calendar.

In the discussion, you should first give a clear answer to the following question: Given that there is no institutionalized clergy in Islam, how does the religious system work? What is the nature of religious leadership in Islam? What is the role of the state in religious matters?

Then, consider some of fundamental consequences of the absence of ordained and institutionalized priestly orders in Islam: Political consequences, for example, and, more particularly, sectarian consequences. Do you think that the test for a true Muslim is not that he or she remains faithful to an “orthodoxy,” but that he or she is loyal to the community—that is, the test is not theological but social?

background of Islam and its evolution as a religious, social, and political system. At this…

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